Rebecca Davis Lee Crumpler
In 1864, Rebecca Lee Crumpler became the first African American woman to receive an M.D. degree. Dr. Crumpler received her doctorate from New England Female Medical College. Dr. Crumpler practiced in Boston; she specialized in the poor, women, and children. Rebecca published a medical guide book in 1883 called Book of Medical Discourses, which provided advice for women's health care and their families. Dr. Rebecca Davis Lee Crumpler passed away in 1895. Later in 1989, two physicians, Dr. Saundra Maass-Robinson and Dr. Patricia Whitley, founded the Rebecca Lee Society, an organization that promotes and helps African American women physicians.